7 Questions on Cisco Certification Exams

By Michael Aldridge People who are studying for Cisco CCNA certification often ask me what kind of questions they can expect. These are some of the types of questions that Cisco exams can ask:
Multiple-choice, single-answer
Multiple-choice, multiple-answer
Drag-and-drop
Fill-in-the-blank
Simulation
Testlet
Simlet
Multiple choice questions are a common topic. There are some questions that have only one correct answer and others that have multiple answers. Cisco will always inform you how many correct answers there are and the exam engine will usually warn if you have chosen too many or too few.

Drag-and-drop questions ask you to drag boxes to the screen. You will usually be asked to drag terms onto the appropriate definitions or categories. You might also be asked if you want to drag items onto a network diagram.

Fill-in-the blank questions require that you answer the question in one or more text boxes. Although I have not seen fill-in the blank questions from Cisco, it is possible that they could be introduced at any time.

Simulating questions requires you to configure one or several Cisco devices, including switches and routers. IOS-based as well as GUI-based simulations have been my experience. Although not all commands and features are available, they will still be available to you for the simulation. Simulator questions can cause fear in test takers. You can overcome your anxiety by practicing with Cisco routers live or using a robust network simulator product like Boson’s NetSim.

Testlet questions are usually presented in a group of three to six questions. These questions all revolve around a common scenario or network topology. The scenario text will provide any required command output. You can answer the questions in any order you like, but you cannot return to the testlet once you have finished.

Simlet questions are a combination of a simulator and a testlet. You will receive a set of three to six questions based on a network topology or common scenario. You will not be able to issue any commands. To answer the questions correctly, you will need to interact with the network devices and issue appropriate commands.

These item types might not be available on every Cisco certification exam. You can prepare for any of these items by reviewing the Cisco Certification Exam Tutorial (shown above). This tutorial is the same one you’ll see at the beginning each Cisco certification exam. Each type of question is included in the tutorial so you can practice. Boson’s ExSim-Max Cisco certification practice exam can be used to get more practice. It includes the item types that you will see on the actual certification exam.

Do not be concerned about the types questions that Cisco exams might ask you. You won’t need to know the details to be able to answer any question Cisco asks.

Michael Aldridge MCSE+I, MCSE: Security, MCSE: Messaging, MCDST, MCDBA, MCTS, OCP, CCNP, CCDP, CCNA Security, CCNA Voice, CNE, SCSA, Security+, Linux+, Server+, Network+, A+

6 Habits of Critical Thinkers to Improve Critical Thinking

Employers consider critical thinking a key skill, especially when it comes to hiring. This ability is essential for problem solving and strategising. This improves productivity at work.
“Successful executives use their critical thinking skills every day to sort through complex and incomplete information, ask the right questions, recognize strong and weak arguments, and assimilate the information to make logical business decisions.”
What is critical thinking?
There are many definitions of critical thinking that can be found in different schools of thought. An excellent definition would be the ability to process and engage in new information analytically. This is achieved by observing and putting together information to create logical connections.
“Critical thinking goes beyond the accumulation of facts and knowledge. It’s a way to approach whatever is currently occupying your mind in order to reach the best conclusion.”
Critical thinkers build on knowledge constantly.
This blog post will share some of the extraordinary habits that Critical Thinkers have.
Habit 1: Learning to observe
Glenn and Gary: “Observation is one the earliest critical thinking skills that we learn as children – It’s our ability perceive and understand the world around us.”
We can improve our observation skills and eventually unpick our complex world. This has allowed us to gain a deeper understanding of the world around.
Habit 2: Put your ego aside and embrace humility
Inquisitive people are critical thinkers. They love to learn and are open to new information. To make this happen, it is important not to let your ego get in the way and to accept that you may not know all the answers. “They are open to admitting that they don’t know everything or have made mistakes.”
Habit Three: Identify your bias
“Critical thinkers are challenged to identify the evidence that supports their beliefs and evaluate whether or not these sources are credible.”
We are naturally biased towards our opinions and views based on preconceived notions.
Recognizing our biases helps us to understand how they can impact our decision-making. Ask yourself who benefits from the information when you look at it. Is there an agenda behind the information? Is the source omitting or ignoring information that doesn’t support their claims and beliefs?”
imglip Habit 4: Assumptions are incorrect
Critical thinkers are well aware of the dangers of assuming. To avoid confirmation bias (confirming what they already believe), we prefer to ask open-ended questions. “Don’t assume other people think the way you do. Ask them for their perspective. This will help you find a better solution.
Habit Five: Be honest with yourself and find balance
In the universe, there is a delicate balance between emotion and reason. A critical thinker, or someone who is training to be one, must learn how to balance emotion and reason. A rational mind can control both emotions and reason, so one cannot run on only one.
Habit Six of the memegenerator: Continuous Learning
It is essential for any critical thinker to keep abreast of the latest information and gain new knowledge. Critical thinkers will be able reorient their beliefs and ethical stances by consuming more information.
Read our last post: https://blog.trainocate.com/4-ways-to-navigate-crucial-conversations-well/

5 Network Designer Tips & Tricks

Are you new to NetSim Are you a veteran NetSim user? These 5 Network Designer Tips & Tricks are available in NetSim 12, which is the industry’s most powerful Network Simulator.

1.Find the most recent devices in the Recent Devices Pane. Drag and drop previously created devices directly to the topology, without needing to reconfigure.

2. Use Snap to Grid to align devices perfectly and create professional-looking topologies.

3.To quickly locate connections and devices, highlight them on your pane. A shadow will appear beneath the item on topology.

4. Add notes and labels to your topology.

5. Avoid repetitive stress injuries by using the connection tool, which creates connections in as few clicks possible.

Did you learn anything new? Was this all new for you, Watson? Read more about everything new with NetSim 12 here:https://www.boson.com/Meet-NetSim-12

Five Facts About F5 BIGIP ASM (Application Safety Manager)

F5 BIG-IP Application Security Manager is a web app firewall that protects web applications and data from known and undiscovered security threats, vulnerabilities, and bots. BIG-IP ASM protects against complex threats and improves app performance by offloading SSL.
BIG-IP ASM Specialists can deploy, tune, or operate BIG-IP ASM to help protect their apps from HTTP-based attacks. It provides protection for applications such as Microsoft Outlook, Microsoft office sharepoint, Oracle ebusiness financials, and Microsoft outlook.

VMware NSX IT Professionals: Facts to Know

Certification:
BIG-IP ASM Specialist Exam (303): This exam is required in order to become a F5 certified technology specialist, ASM certification. This exam validates your abilities and knowledge to design and deploy BIG-IP ASM, including advanced features.
Prerequisite:
BIG-IP ASM certification does not require F5 certification. If students are not familiar with BIG-IP, they can attend the following course to learn more before obtaining F5 ASM certification.
BIG-IP administration (instructor-led course).
F5 BIG-IP administrator certification
Skills and knowledge you will acquire:
Candidate will be able describe and learn how BIG-IP ASM interacts with web applications
Candidates will be able design, implement, maintain and troubleshoot BIG IP ASM products. They will also be able ensure network security and the delivery of applications.
Learn about web application firewalls
Learn how ASM protects web applications by securing URLs and file types.
This article will explain what attack signatures are and why they are important.
How to deploy ASM with the automatic policy maker
Learn how to cost-effectively achieve compliance
You will discover how BIG-IP ASM protects web apps beyond the box
This course will teach you how to improve the performance of web applications.
You will learn how ASM can be deployed flexiblely

Cisco CCNA Certification Course Beneficial for Network Professionals

Career Profiles
After F5 ASM certification, you can pursue a variety of job opportunities. These are just a few of the many options available to you.
Network security engineer
Application security manager
F5 ASM engineer
Consultants – F5 Networks ASM
Administrator F5
F5 engineer
Administrators of F5 networks
F5 network engineer
F5 network security engineer
Network/F5 engineer
Salary:
The average salary for F5 ASM professionals freshers is between 1.5 lacs and 4 lacs per annum. These salary figures are not indicative of the salaries for F5 ASM professionals who have worked in India. The salary for F5 ASM specialists is very attractive and increases with experience.

Four Ways to Navigate Crucial Conversations Well

How do you address the elephant in your room?
Jeff struggles to manage crucial conversations.
Jeff is subject to criticisms from his colleagues about the work environment. Top management decided to tighten the rules in the recovery phase of the pandemic, with their business just accelerating up.
It is exhausting to try and balance the demands of his top management with those of his colleagues. While the conflict may seem manageable for a while it will eventually become overwhelming. A trust deficit appears to be apparent. No matter how difficult the situation, the support of stakeholders is key to any leader’s success.
Leaders will be able to have critical conversations while being honest and open to community change.
What are the most important conversations?
Crucial conversations can be described as high stakes, emotional discourse that includes a plateau of opposing opinions from different people.
“These conversations are often avoided because the person does not have the skills necessary to deal with the difficulties they raise.” The results are not positive or changeable.
Here are some examples of situations that may require crucial conversations
Discuss performance with employees who are not performing well at work.

Talk to your managers about mistrust and reservations.

Talking to your family and friends about the upsetting behavior.

Asking for a raise in pay.

Here are four ways to navigate important conversations more efficiently
1) Create a safe environment
Freepik Stakes have reached their peak and emotions are high. All opinions must be heard equally. It is crucial to create a safe and healthy environment that allows everyone to speak their truth. Pay attention to both the verbal as well as physical cues. When you sense discomfort or volatility from either party, bring the conversation back to safety.
2) Be a leader with facts and the truth
Engage in important conversations using hard facts.
“Separate facts from stories. Although it sounds simple, it is important to record these facts. A fact cannot be interpreted. “A story can be debated.”
3) Identify the issue and state it
Avoid attempting to address multiple issues at once. Identify the issues, concerns, or problems. To have a constructive conversation, ensure that all parties are clear about the discussion’s direction and agenda.
4) Reaching a mutual understanding
All critical conversations should conclude with a summary of all points discussed and a mutual agreement towards finding a solution. Also, a token of appreciation for the willingness and ability to have a discussion to improve the current situation.
To read our previous article on “Life After MCO”: https://blog.trainocate.com/life-after-mco-3-steps-to-engage-virtual-teams-2/
Trainocate Malaysia has carefully selected 8 programs to support your organisation and your people under the Mind and the People program. This includes Mastering Critical Conversations.
To find out more: https://trainocate.com/my/highlights/softskills-the-mind-and-the-people-programs-

Top 20 Azure Administrator Interview Questions

Microsoft Azure is the second-most popular Cloud service provider according to prospects. Because of its affordable IaaS solutions, more than 80% of Fortune 500 companies trust Microsoft Azure to fulfill their Cloud service responsibilities. Many businesses are now hiring Azure-certified specialists for a variety of inside job postings. Cloud Administrator is one of the most sought-after Azure occupations. Azure Administrators are highly sought after in the market.

If you are one of the candidates who are trying to get a decent job as an Azure Administrator, you need to prepare yourself well for your dream job. Here are 20 questions that were asked to aspiring Azure Administrators during job interviews.
Question 1: How do you define Azure Administration?
Answer: Azure Administrators are responsible for executing, observing, and maintaining Microsoft Azure solutions. They include major services related to Compute, Security, Network, and Security.
Question 2: What’s Azure Active Directory? What does it have to do with subscriptions?
Answer: Azure Active Directory, also known as Azure AD, provides a cloud-based identity management service that allows you to manage Azure resources. It has a one-to many relationship with subscriptions. An Azure subscription can only trust one Active Directory instance, but multiple subscriptions may be associated with that Azure Active Directory instance.
Question 3: Define Azure Subscriptions.
Answer: An Azure subscription allows you to access Azure resources. It contains information about all your resources, such as virtual machines (VMs), databases and more. You can distinguish an Azure resource, such as a VM when you create it.
Azure subscription denotes:
Security boundary and billing entity
Container that holds users
Azure services monthly charges
Question 4: Can an organisation have more than one Azure Directory
Answer: Yes. An organization can have multiple Azure Directory accounts.
Question 5: What roles and responsibilities do Azure Administrators have?
Answer: An Azure administrator is responsible for executing and monitoring Microsoft Azure solutions. They also provide significant services related computing, storage, security, networking, and network. Azure administrators will also be responsible for managing storage solutions for VM virtual disks, database files and user data.
Question 6: Who uses an Azure Active Directory?
Answer: Azure AD is primarily intended for:
IT Admins: IT Admins use Azure Active Directory to manage app access and resource usage according to business requirements. Azure AD is also used to automate client provisioning between your existing Windows Server AD and cloud applications, including Microsoft 365. Azure AD provides powerful tools that automatically verify user identities and credentials, and meet access governance requirements.
App Developers: An App Developer uses Azure AD to add a single sign on (SSO) to an application. This allows it to use client’s pre-existing credentials. It also provides APIs that allow you to create a custom application experience by utilizing existing organizational data.
Online subscribers to Microsoft 365 and Office 365 are eligible for Azure AD. This is included in the Microsoft 365 subscription, Office 365 subscription, Azure subscription, Dynamics CRM online subscription, and Microsoft 365 subscription. It can be used to manage access to your cloud applications.
Question 7: Define Azure Virtual Machines.
Answer: Azure Virtual Machines or virtual machines are on-request computing resources that are provided by Microsoft Azure. We cannot answer your question.

Interview Questions for Top 20 AWS Architects

Are you an AWS Architect and are you preparing for your next job interview. These are the most recent AWS architect interview questions that you should read as part of your preparations.

AWS, or Amazon Web Services, is currently the most prominent public cloud service provider. It is present in multiple companies’ tech stacks. AWS’s rising popularity has led to a greater demand for AWS as a career option. AWS is the preferred platform for cloud computing professionals looking to make a career.
AWS’s solutions architect job is one of the most promising. The average annual salary for this role is $130,883. Candidates often search for AWS architects interview questions. This list of questions will give you a good idea of the types of AWS interview questions candidates can expect.
Check out these:
AWS Solutions Architect Associate Training
AWS Solutions Architect Professional Training
Basic AWS architect interview questions
What is Amazon EC2 exactly?
Amazon EC2 (or Elastic Compute Cloud) is an AWS service that allows you to achieve highly scalable computing capacities. Amazon EC2 allows you to deploy and develop applications faster by eliminating the need to invest in hardware.
What is Amazon3?
Amazon S3 (or Simple Storage Service) is an AWS storage service. Object storage allows for the storage and retrieval of large amounts of data regardless of where they are located. It is also unlimited and users can access it whenever they need.
What is Identity Access Management?
Identity Access Management (IAM in AWS) is a web service that allows secure access control to AWS services. It allows for the management of users and security credentials, such as access keys and permissions.
What is Amazon Route 53?
Amazon Route 53 is a Domain Name System service (DNS) that offers greater scalability, availability, and security. Named after the TCP port 53 or UDP port 53, which is the address where all DNS server requests are addressed,
What is the process for sending an Amazon S3 request?
Amazon S3 can be requested via the REST API. You can also use AWS SDK wrapper library that contains the Amazon S3 API below.
Is encryption recommended for S3 or not?
S3 is a proprietary technology so users should consider encryption to protect sensitive data.
CloudFront allows you to define geo restriction.
Geo Restriction, also known as geoblocking or geoblocking, is a process that restricts user’s access privileges to content distributed by a specific CloudFront distribution.
What is a T2 instance, you ask?
T2 instances are designed to provide moderate levels of baseline performance. They can also be extended to meet the demands of the workloads.
What is a serverless app in AWS?
The Serverless Application Model (SAM), which is available in AWS, allows for the expansion of AWS CloudFormation’s capabilities. Users can use the SAM to create Amazon API Gateway APIs, Amazon DynamoDB table, and AWS Lambda functions for their serverless applications.
What are the uses of Amazon ElastiCache
Amazon ElastiCache is a web service that makes it easier to deploy, operate, and scale in-memory storage or cloud data caches.
Recent AWS Architect Interview Questions & Answers
What is the difference between terminating an instance and stopping it?
An instance is stopped by a normal shutdown. Then it switches to the’stop state’. An instance that is terminated goes through a normal shutdown. The attached Amazon EBS volumes can only be deleted if the deleteOnTermination attribute is set to true.
Can I change the private IP address for an EC2 instance that is running on a VPC or has been stopped?
The primary private IP address cannot be changed. How to

Top 15 Interview Questions For Threat Hunters

Threat hunting is the process of looking for cyber threats that go unnoticed in networks, data sets, and endpoints. This involves looking deep into the environment to find malicious actors. Threat hunting is essential to avoid such attacks. Hackers and attackers can hide in the network for months, quietly collecting your login credentials and confidential information.

The methods of incident response and threat hunting have improved over time. Organizations are now able to use advanced methods to identify threats using professional threat hunters, even before any damage or loss occurs. Our Threat Hunting Professional Online Course will enhance your skills and help you understand threats and their goals.
InfosecTrain’s online training course Threat Hunting Professional teaches you how to identify potential threats and become a more balanced penetration tester. Our experts will show you how to hunt for threats across the network.
InfosecTrain has prepared a few questions and answers to help you prepare for interviews. Here are the details:1. What is cyber threat hunting? It is a type active cyber defense. It is “the practice of scanning networks proactively and continuously to identify advanced threats that elude traditional security measures.”
2. Pen testing is a way to see how an adversary might gain access to your environment. It exposes risky IT practices and highlights the dangers associated with not protecting the environment.
Threat hunting allows you to see who is already in your environment and what they’re doing. It provides information about the current environment and the challenges facing the company.
3. Is it possible for some Threat Hunting exercises to yield nothing? Yes, theoretically. However, it is not impossible to find other vulnerabilities in these exercises. We may also discover some that we did not know existed. Even if there are no threats, it is still a good idea to conduct thorough threat hunting.
4. Yes, it is possible to use the information gathered during a hunt to improve security in organizations. Security teams can use threat data gathered during hunts to understand why they didn’t find the threats and then develop a strategy to detect future attacks. Skilled hunters know that gathering danger data is a major part of their job. This can be used to create stronger, more effective defenses.
5. What is MITRE ATT&CK (r)? It stands for MITRE Adversarial Techniques, Techniques and Common Knowledge and is a trademark of MITRE. The MITRE ATT&CK framework, which is a collection of knowledge and a paradigm to describe cyber adversary behavior, represents the many stages of an adversary’s attack life cycle as well as the technologies they are known for.

6. What is Mitre ATT&CK? Red teamers, threat hunters, and defenders use MITRE ATT&CK to better identify cyberattacks and assess an organization’s vulnerability.
7. What are the different Threat Hunting methods?
Target-Driven
Technique-Driven
Volumetric Analysis
Frequency Analysis
Clustering Analysis
Grouping Analysis
8. What is the primary purpose of Threat Hunting? To keep an eye on the network’s daily operations and traffic, and look for irregularities that could lead in full-blown breaches.
9. Please tell me more about the Threat Hunt hypothesis

Top 15 IBM Security QRadar SIEM Interview Questionnaires

1. What is Index?
An index is a collection of items that describe the data in a file, and where it is located in the system. The indexing of data can be done immediately or upon request after data has been collected. It allows for efficient and easy search optimization.
2. What is index management?
Index management is used for controlling the indexing of the database based on flow and event properties. There are some properties in the IBM QRadar index management window. These properties can be set up to index. Indexed properties allow for better search optimization.
The index management feature also offers the following statistics:
The percentage of searches that have been saved
The index measures the volume of data that has been stored on the disk during the specified time period.
3. What is the function and purpose of the index management toolbar
The index management toolbar allows you to perform the following functions.
To enable the index, select the property you wish to index from the index management toolbar, and click on the enable the icon.
Disable the index: Select the property from the index management list, and click on the icon to disable the index.
Quick search: You can quickly search for the property in the index management listing by entering the keyword related to the property in this quick search field.
4. What is the reference set?
The IBM Security QRadar Reference sets store data in a list format. The Reference set stores business data such IP addresses and usernames that are collected from events and flows in the network. It contains unique values for searching, filtering, testing rule conditions, and other functions.
5. How do we add elements to a reference collection?
It is important to ensure that the reference set has a.csv file before adding elements. This is how to add elements to a reference list:
Click on Admin to open the navigation menu.
Select the System configuration section and click on reference set management.
Select the reference set where you want to add elements.
Click on View Content and choose the Content tab.
Click on Select File to browse the.csv file you wish to import.
Click on the Domain where you wish to add reference set data.
Click on import.
6. What is the purpose of the QRadar Qflow collector
QRadar Qflow tracks network flows from all devices connected to a network. It also records live and recorded feeds like Network taps, Netflow, QRadar flows logs.
7. How do we schedule updates?
As per the settings on the update configuration page, IBM Security QRadar automatically updates on a recurring basis. You can schedule large updates to run off-hours so that your system’s performance does not suffer.
You can schedule updates as follows:
To open the admin tab, open the navigation menu.
Click on Auto-update in the system configuration section.
The list allows you to select the type of updates you want from the schedule.
You can use the calendar to select the day and time you want to start the update.
8. How do we view the pending updates
You can view the pending updates in the updates window. The system is set up for automatic weekly updates. If the system does not show any updates, it means that it has not been in operation for too long. You will need to manually check for updates.
Follow the below-mentioned process to check for updates
Click on the navigation menu, and choose Admin.
Select auto-update in the system configuration section.
Click on the update to view more information.
9. What is a retention bucket?
Retention buckets are used to determine how long event and flow data will be kept in IBM Security QRadar. QRadar compares each event and flows data received and stores it in the retention bucket according to the retention bucket filter criteria. After the deletion period expires, the data is automatically deleted. This period is defaulted to 30 days.
1

Top 15 Cybersecurity Certifications to Impress the Market in 2020

2020 is fast approaching and there are many new career opportunities in cybersecurity for those who want to succeed in the future. It is a sure way to be valued as an expert in Cybersecurity, and we all agree. It can give you a tremendous boost in your career. Therefore, it is a smart decision to earn multiple certifications in a desired field.

Cybersecurity professionals must be aware that the field is constantly evolving and professionals need to keep their skills current to remain relevant in this system. Cyber Security is a vast field that offers opportunities for professionals with diverse skills in Application Security and Networks Information Security. If a certification worked for your friend, it doesn’t necessarily mean that it will work for you unless you are in the same field of security. InfoSecTrain conducted a survey to identify the top 15 most useful certification courses for 2020. We know that most certifications in cybersecurity can be expensive and time-consuming. We don’t want to see you waste your money on something that is not relevant to your career.
Here is a list with the top 15 Certifications. You just need to go through the certifications, choose the ones that suit your professional needs, and then earn them to make a big leap in your career.
AWS Security
AWS is a well-known cloud service provider that is growing at a rate of 43 percent year-on-year. This shows that AWS is poised to expand their cloud computing market share. This acceptance means that you will be a preferred choice for organisations if you are AWS certified. According to the most recent survey, AWS Security certified professionals earn an average of $113.932 USD per year.

Certified Information Systems Security Professional (CISSP).
Only the best candidates and professionals are eligible to receive CISSP Certification. They must have extensive experience in building safe systems and responding quickly to a variety of threats. According to Times Jobs survey, 20,000,000 new jobs will be created by 2022 for CISSP-certified engineers in various IT sectors. CISSP Certification requires 10 years of IT security experience. This certification is for IT professionals who are skilled in advanced information security. CISSP Certified professionals earn almost 35% more than their non-certified counterparts.

CompTIA’s Security+
CompTIA Security+ is designed to provide the essential knowledge necessary for effective cybersecurity. This certification also serves as a ladder that takes you to higher levels of IT security jobs. CompTIA Security+ certified professionals are the best choice for any company. They are not only skilled in solving cybersecurity problems but also know how to spot potential security breaches before they happen. Security+ is the minimum level of certification required to validate the core skills needed to perform core security functions within an organisation.

Certified Cloud Security Professional (CCSP).
ISC2 offers CCSP certification specifically for data security professionals with at least 5 years of experience. This certification must include at least one year of cloud security experience and three years of data security expertise. This certification is ideal for anyone involved in data security, IT design, management, web and cloud security construction, risk and compliance filed.

Certified Information Security Manager (CISM).
CISM Certification is just a step below CISSP and is a popular course with t